Sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.) is the oldest indigenous oilseed crop, with longest history of cultivation in India.
Sesame seeds are small. Their sizes vary with the thousands of varieties known. Typically, the seeds are about 3 to 4 mm long by 2 mm wide and 1 mm thick.
The seeds are ovate, slightly flattened. They contain healthy fats like polyunsaturated fatty acids and Omega-6. They also contain fiber, iron, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.
Sesame seeds contain the lignans sesamolin, sesamin, pinoresinol and lariciresinol.
Sesame seed is a common ingredient in various cuisines. It is used whole in cooking for its rich, nutty flavour. Sesame seeds are sometimes added to bread.
Sesame seeds are recommended for healthy skin and bones are good for the heart and protect against cancer. Promote to digestive health aid in lactation.